HPV 16 and 18 are linked to at least 70 percent of all cervical cancer diagnoses. HPV 16 is the also most common strain associated with head and neck cancers. Another 20 percent are linked to HPV 31, 33, 34, 45, 52, and HPV 6 and 11 account for roughly 90 percent of all genital wart outbreaks. Genital HPV is transmitted by skin to skin contact. It’s risk is present, therefore, in all LGBT people who engage in sex. Transmission occurs more easily in the presence of irritated skin, as often occurs with penetrative sex (Stein, ). The most widely used test for HPV is the Pap smear, where a sample of cells is collected from the affected tissue and tested for an abnormal rate or pattern of growth, called .
Genital HPV in lesbians has not yet been extensively studied, but researchers suspect the prevalence rates will be lower than among heterosexuals. Even so, the rates will not be low enough to rule out the risk of cervical cancer altogether, so a regular screening is a smart health measure for gay and straight women . Lesbians and bisexual women can, and do, become infected with HPV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Between women, the biggest risk for HPV would be through direct genital-to-genital.
Genital HPV is transmitted by skin to skin contact. Its risk is present, therefore, in all LGBT people who engage in sex. Transmission occurs more easily in the presence of . Unfortunately, there is little information on same sex (particularly lesbian) transmission of HPV. From the ASHA: "Certainly, penile-vaginal sex can pass the virus along from one partner to another, but HPV can be passed through other forms of skin-to-skin contact as well.